Okpoko Slums: Testing Soludo’s Ability to Make Anambra a Livable City

Prof. Chukwuma Soludo has as one of his major deliverables, the plan to make Anambra a livable city. Ikeugonna Eleke visited Okpoko, a sprawling slum near Onitsha, and writes that it will be a test of the new governor’s resolve to change the face of the slum capital of Onitsha.

In 2020, this reporter was on a visit to Okpoko from Awka, the state capital with some colleagues, to cover a political event. After a smooth ride past Onitsha, under the Niger Bridge and heading to Ogbaru, the journalists stopped and asked for direction.

A middle aged man who was beckoned upon gave the direction to the venue and added, ‘Please do not ask anyone else as you drive into Okpoko. After a short distance and a few turns on the dusty road which was littered with dirt, including water sachets and plastic bottles, the direction seemed confusing, so the journalists decided to seek direction from another passerby. ‘Okay, just drive straight and turn left into the busy market and go straight up and you will see the Anglican Church,’ he said. He paused and added, ‘Are you people new here? Just go straight, don’t ask anyone again.’

A third person, a woman, who also helped the journalists with direction, sounded same warning, raising the curiosity of the journalists. The answer to this was later found. After parking at an empty space close to the venue, some urchins besieged the journalists, insisting on collecting what they called ‘ground fee’ for parking the vehicle. This is just a mild taste of what Okpoko is made of.

Okpoko is notorious for street urchins who can also be very dangerous, depending on how one treats them; just as poverty is rife in the area. Roads, portable water, livable homes, are all lacking in the slum. Families, consisting of parents and children, live in one room makeshift houses, usually made with either wood and tarpaulin, or wood and corrugated roofing sheets.

Those who are lucky to live in brick houses, live in very dilapidated ones, while toilets attached to them are far away from the compound and more often than not, are meant for children, while adults only have the privilege of going to toilet only very early in the morning before daybreak or at night in drainage canals.

Besides the living condition of the people of the area and the high number of urchins, Okpoko is also notorious for faking products known to be in high demand in the market. Many times over, regulatory authorities, including National Agency for Food, Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC), have arrested syndicates who produce juice, soft drinks and some brands of wines. The products are mostly not only fake but usually concocted in very unhygienic environments not fit for living, let alone producing edibles.

It is this kind of story of pitiable living that Soludo hopes to change. The former Central Bank Governor had said he would start work at Okpoko on 17th March, immediately after being sworn in, by putting in eight hours in the slum to work towards its change.

Speaking on the plan to change Anambra into a livable city, with Okpoko to take the lead, Mr Joe Anatune, head of media of Soludo’s media office, said, ‘On March 17, 2022, Ndi Anambra will embark on a tough but hugely fascinating and rewarding journey to a livable and prosperous Smart Megacity as envisioned by Soludo, who the people overwhelmingly elected as governor on November 6, 2021.

‘We alluringly christened the process of attaining this journey as The Great Transformation. The final outcome is that, firstly, Anambra will become irresistibly appealing to the world as the choice place to live, do business and relax. Furthermore, the 179 or so communities that make up Anambra State will be digitally connected to the ambitious sustainable development agenda of the incoming government.

‘Okpoko, a sprawling slum near Onitsha in Ogbaru Local Government Area, will be the starting touch point of The Great Transformation with the planned facility visit of Soludo to the slum to launch its upgrading programme. Onitsha, which sadly wears the toga of the headquarters of air pollution in the world, will in quick succession receive the attention of the incoming governor.

‘The incoming government, like any other government, will face the challenges of ensuring that the people are safe, healthy, gainfully employed, have access to clean water, breathe clean air, get access to functional and quality education and more.

Taking into account the local context and global trends, Soludo figures that the use of data and technology will be a more efficient and effective means of addressing the development imperatives of the state and improving the quality of life of the citizens.

‘This model offers better use of space, less traffic, cleaner air, and more efficient civic services; all of which help improve the quality of life. Also, using smart solutions enhances more career and economic opportunities, as well as stronger links with community.

So, when next you hear Soludo say that in the fully transformed Anambra, children born in the state may not have need to seek greener pastures elsewhere and those in the diaspora will have all the incentives to return home, you would do well to take that assurance to the bank.’

During an investigative visit to Okpoko recently, Fides took discreet pictures of the slum and also had a deeper look in most streets of the slum, discovering that there is even bigger work to be done than the new governor may have envisaged.

Even with smelly drainages running right In front of most of the shanties which serve as homes, residents were seen sitting comfortably and conversing in front of their residences, giving the impression that despite the pity which the people feel for their living condition, they see nothing absolutely wrong with the area as the women among them laughed gaily to jokes among themselves.

The above fears were corroborated by some residents who spoke to Fides, expressing fears of being displaced.

Nkoli Eze, a hair stylist and resident of Okpoko, said, ‘We are happy that Soludo promised to start work in our area, but we are not sure the strategy he will use. We need to know what strategy he wants to use to develop Okpoko before we can begin to applaud him.

I’m saying this because I’m from Imo State, and I know that some people in that state are yet to recover from the destruction of their residences by former governor, Rochas Okorocha. We know how the governor (Soludo) feels, but it should not be something he will come and demolish our houses and keep us homeless.’

Another resident, Mr Sylvester Obi, said, ‘Don’t mind that you’re seeing this place almost empty. This is where most of the people who do their business inside Onitsha live. If you come here in the evening when people are back from market, you will agree with me. This place you see is very highly populated. So, if Soludo can achieve development in Ogbaru, he may have done half of the job required to please the entire Onitsha City.

But we are begging him; as much as we need good schools, good roads, electricity and other amenities, we will not like a situation where they will come and demolish the place and leave us with nothing. I have lived in Ekwulobia before. Some of us know what is good, but we decided to stay here because the economy of Nigeria has made it difficult for us to afford a better place.

We will like to have amenities here, but most importantly, let the economy thrive because, even if he builds the best houses here, and business is not good for us to make money and live here, then it will still be difficult for us.’

Soludo may have also foreseen that the work in Okpoko is not going to be easy. Speaking with members of his transition committee recently, Soludo declared his resolve to extend his work schedule in Okpoko to two days. ‘You know we have declared March 18 as Okpoko Day too,’ he said.

Soludo, who reiterated his resolve to give the state his best, said he would be needing all the resources available to government to be able to meet the needs of the people.

Speaking to members of the transition committee, Soludo said, ‘Let me assure you, everybody has a role to play. There is a lot of work to be done and you must all gear up. There is work to be done and there is war to be fought. We will be calling our people to reestablish the social background between the people and the government. I said the last time that people who had (revenue) window would no longer thrive with it, and it became news everywhere. We have to use the money to build the state, roads, water, light, decongest traffic and others. Pipe borne water was running in my village long ago when I was a boy. That was over 50 years ago, but not anymore. We have to bring all of those back, and we need government revenue to do that. That is why I say there is work and there is war.’

The test of the livability of Soludo’s Anambra may also be in the level of security of life and property in the state and also the buoyancy of the economy. The professor of Econometrics does not seem to have overlooked this as sources said despite not saying anything about security to the transition committee, he decided to work silently on that.

His media aide, Anatune, also re-echoed this in a recent press release in which he said that Soludo’s commitment to improving the quality of life and lifting many from the vicious grip of poverty was the elixir that APGA needed to continually win the battle for the minds and hearts of voters in Nigeria and to emerge as a major challenger in the power dynamics.

Anatune said the astute management of the political economy was the key and that the new government was poised to deliver on its promises.