Grassroots Sports in Sports in Nigeria: Challenges and Prospects

By Alexander Johnson Adejoh

Ask any Nigerian sports administrator what their priorities are, they will tell you that grassroots sports development and harvesting of talents rank high on their wish list.

So desirable is the need for developing sports at the grassroots that successive administrations make it a catchphrase when rolling out plans for youths and sports.

In 2009, a circular dated June 3 from the office of the Head of Service of the Federation created the Grassroots Sports Development Department (GRSD) of the Federal Ministry of Youths and Sports Development.

According to the circular, the department was established to scout, identify and develop talents as well as raise fitness consciousness and mass participation in sports and recreational activities amongst Nigerians.

The GRSD has 10 specific functions, including guiding the implementation of grassroots sports development policies with a view to increasing the number and quality of talents in sports.

It is also saddled with the responsibilities of initiating policies on grassroots sports development in the country and identifying and developing sports talents.

Other responsibilities of the department are: to plan, organised and co-ordinate the National Youth Games; encourage mass participation in sporting activities; and coordinate school and youth sports activities within and outside the country.

Similarly, in 2011, the then Minister of Sports, Prof. Taoheed Adedoja, inaugurated a 28-man committee to revive and widen the scope of the Nigerian Academicals Soccer Competition to include other sports.

The committee was headed by former Nigerian football international, Segun Odegbami, a product of academicals football in the early 70s.

It was expected to integrate other sports like badminton, Volleyball, Handball, Table Tennis, Gymnastics, track and field, Taekwondo and swimming into the ‘ACADA’ framework.

Adedoja said then that government intended to return to the glorious days of the Academicals in the 60s and 70s when secondary schools participated in football competitions nationwide.

Grassroots sports development received a boost with the introduction of the sporting competition among Nigerian university students, organised by the Nigerian Universities Games Association (NUGA).

So was the introduction of the National Sports Festival during the Yakubu Gowon Administration shortly after the Nigerian Civil War.

The Youth Sports Federation of Nigeria (YSFON) also came into existence to add energy to the new enthusiasm in grassroots sports development that was sweeping across the land.

However, sports enthusiasts believe that those sports development models started to decline when their core objectives were compromised.

“I can tell you that I was old enough to witness the days when those competitions flourished.

“But later, instead of using them as platforms for talent hunt, they were compromised by the desperation to win laurels at all costs.

“For instance, after the Second National Sports Festival hosted by Lagos in 1975, the U-13 Category was scrapped due to age falsification.

“The YSFON capitulated for lack of support. Although both the NUGA competition and the National Sports Festival are still running, they add little value

Today, mercenary sportsmen and women are recruited to win medals so that officials could earn promotions,” said  Clem Oluwole, a sports enthusiast.

Credit to the present administration, the National Sports Festival was revived in 2018, following six years in the limbo, as its 19th Edition was held in Abuja.

Enthusiasts say one of the major impediments to sports development is a lack of adequate sports facilities, especially in rural and sub-urban areas where raw talents abound.

Another snag identified is the shortage of games masters both in schools and facilities that are supposed to lay the foundation to grow grassroots sports.

However, chairman of Kaduna State Basketball Association, Skambo Morrison, said government should be more transparent in sports development.

“I think the biggest challenge is transparency in the system. Patience is required when embarking on sports development programmes. Government alone cannot spearhead grassroots sports development.

“You have to trust people enough to commit resources to them and be patient, as results come slowly.

“If you are impatient and demand quick results from baby steps, then you will end up using a sledge hammer to kill an ant,” he said.

In a 2017 article: The ‘death’ of grassroots sports in Nigeria, Odegbami said the breeding ground for sports talents had shifted to Europe and America.

“This development clearly shows that there is something very wrong happening to the country’s grassroots sports development,” he said.

But the dividends of developing sports at the grassroots go beyond harvesting talents to represent the nation in competitive sports.

For instance, researches show that when young people channel their energy into sporting activities, social vices reduce drastically. There are also mental and physical health benefits.

Grassroots sports participation also teaches young people life skills such as discipline, determination, perseverance, fair play, responsibility and sound judgement, which go on to shape their adulthood.

Involvement in grassroots sports enhances a shared sense of community, not only among participants, but also in the larger community; it strengthens bond of understanding and fosters unity.

In April, Sunday Dare, Minister for Youth and Sports Development, promised that two major all-encompassing documents that would reposition sports in Nigeria were being developed.

“The National Sports Industry Policy (NSIP) and Football Masterplan Committee would produce two wholesome documents that would further foster sports development as well as provide a comprehensive framework to guide sports development in the country,” he said.

But critics say rather than spend time and resources on new policy documents, government should revisit previous unimplemented documents gathering dust in the shelves.

Grassroots sports are essentially schools sports. Therefore, no concrete development will occur without reviewing primary and secondary school curricular, availability of games masters and provision of sports facilities.

There also has to be a clear understanding of how sports development programmes are to be funded.

Thus, the GRSD should collaborate with the Ministry of Education and government at sub-national level to come up with a grassroots sports development model capable of returning Nigeria to its glory days.